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journal of Advanced Military Studies

vol. 13, no. 1
Spring 2022

Military Response to Natural Disasters and National Emergencies

What is the proper relationship between civilian and military responders? How can personnel of armed Services, governmental agencies, and nongovernmental organizations cooperate most effectively in emergency situations? How much power and authority should be granted to national militaries operating within their own nations or within the international humanitarian system? Should militaries be considered humanitarian actors? What are the potential implications of this designation? Given these complex questions and considerations, and in recognition of the historic and contemporary role that militaries play in humanitarian assistance and disaster relief, the editors have devoted this issue of the Journal of Advanced Military Studies to military responses to national emergencies and natural catastrophes. In the articles that follow, contributing authors explore this topic from multiple angles, analyzing a variety of specific case studies from diverse disciplinary perspectives. Collectively, these articles begin to address some of the questions raised above while, at the same time, prompting new questions to consider and arguments to debate.







A Tale of Two Storms: U.S. Army Disaster Relief in Puerto Rico and Texas, 1899–1900
   Ian Seavey

Nature’s Tragic Role at the Alpine Front during World War I: The Consequences
   Mauricio Nicolas Vergara, PhD

Counterinsurgency, Emergency, and Civil-Military Relations in Indonesia
   Norman Joshua




















Civil-Military Cooperation in Disaster and Emergency Response: Practices, Challenges, and Opportunities
   Myriame Bollen, PhD; and Jori Pascal Kalkman, PhD

PLAN E: A Grand Strategy for the Twenty-first Century Era of Entangled Security and Hyperthreats
   Elizabeth G. Boulton, PhD

Implications from the Guard’s Extensive Use: A Cautionary Tale of 2020
   Michael G. Anderson

Operation Warp Speed and the Countermeasures Acceleration Group—A Twenty-first Century Manhattan Project: Preliminary Observations on the U.S. Department of Defense’s Role in the Supply, Production, and Distribution of COVID-19 Vaccines and Therapeutics
   John E. Hall, SES; Lieutenant Colonel Nate Packard, USMC;
and the Countermeasures Acceleration Group (CAG) Team

The Psychological Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the U.S. Military
   Major Timothy Berger, USMC

Guided by Experience: A Comparative Analysis of the U.S. Military Responses to Natural Disasters in Haiti (2010 and 2021)
   Christopher Davis, PhD

Staying First to Fight: Reaffirming the Marine Corps’ Role in Foreign Humanitarian Assistance Missions
   Major Eric S. Hovey, USMC

The German Military Response to National Disasters and Emergencies: A Case Study of the Flooding in the Summer of 2021
   Dominik Juling



Forecasting Iranian Government Responses to Cyberattacks
   Austen Givens, PhD; Nikki Sanders; and Corye J. Douglas


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