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Al-Qaida After Ten Years of War

A Global Perspective of Successes, Failures, and Prospects

Edited by Norman Cigar and Stephanie E. Kramer

The papers that follow are the proceedings of the Marine Corps University conference “Al-Qaida after Ten Years of War: A Global Perspective of Successes, Failures, and Prospects.” Our intent in holding this conference was to comprehend the multidimensional aspects of Al-Qaida’s threat in various theaters where it has operated over the past decade since the events of 11 September 2001, or where it may still do so in the future. We sought a net assessment of what Al-Qaida has done successfully and where it has failed in different parts of the world in order to develop a better understanding of how to deal more effectively with the challenge that Al-Qaida still poses for international security.

Norman Cigar is director of regional studies and the Minerva Research Chair at the Marine Corps University in Quantico, Virginia. Previously, he taught at the U.S. Marine Corps Command and Staff College and the Marine Corps School of Advanced Warfighting. He has served as a senior analyst at the Pentagon, where he worked in the Office of the Army’s Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence. He is the author of numerous works on politics and security issues dealing with the Middle East and the Balkans and has been a consultant at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia at the Hague. His recent research has focused on jihadist thinking about unconventional war, and his recent publications include Al-Qa’ida’s Doctrine for Insurgency: ‘Abd Al- ’Aziz Al-Muqrin’s A Practical Course for Guerilla War (2008). He holds a DPhil from Oxford; a master of international affairs degree from the School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University; and a master of science degree from the National Defense Intelligence College (formerly known as Joint Military Intelligence College).

Stephanie E. Kramer is currently the research assistant for the Minerva Initiative at Marine Corps University. Prior to joining the university, she worked as a research associate at the Congressional Research Service in the foreign affairs, defense, and trade division. She holds a bachelor’s degree in linguistics from the University of California, Santa Cruz, where she graduated summa cum laude and Phi Beta Kappa.


Chapter 1: Keynote Address: The Deep Fight​
General Michael V. Hayden, USAF (Ret)

Chapter 2: Al-Qaida’s War with the United Nations and the State System​
Christopher C. Harmon
Chapter 3: Al-Qaida’s Theater Strategy: Waging a World War​
Norman Cigar

Chapter 4: East Africa and the Horn​
David H. Shinn
Chapter 5: The State of Al-Qaida in Southeast Asia Ten Years since 9/11​
Adam Dolnik

Chapter 6: Al-Qaida and Terrorism in the Arab East: Rise, Decline, and the Effects of Doctrine Revisions and the Arab Revolutions​
 Amr Abdalla and Arezou Hassanzadeh

Chapter 7: Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb​
 Ricardo René Larémont

Chapter 8: Al-Qaida and Central Asia: A Slowly Developing and Multipurpose Presence​
 Michael F. Scheuer

Chapter 9: Power by Proxy: Al-Qaida in Pakistan​
 Haider Ali Hussein Mullick

Chapter 10: Toward a Differential Analysis of Al-Qaida and the Jihadist Terrorist Threat to Western European Nations​
 Fernando Reinares

Chapter 11: Al-Qaida and the United States: A Panel Presentation​
 Peter Bergen

6 x 9
217 pages
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Marine Corps University