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Al-Anbar Awakening

Iraqi Perspectives; From Insurgency to Counterinsurgency in Iraq, 2004-2009
volume 2

Edited by Colonel Gary W. Montgomery and Chief Warrant Officer-4 Timothy S. McWilliams

This two-volume anthology of interviews tells the story of the al-Anbar Awakening and the emergence of al-Anbar Province from the throes of insurgency. It presents the perspectives of both Iraqis (volume two) and Americans (volume one) who ultimately came to work together, in an unlikely alliance of former adversaries, for the stabilization and redevelopment of the province. The collection begins in the 2003-04 time frame with the rise of the insurgency and concludes with observations from the vantage point of early-to-mid 2009.The anthology demonstrates that there is not one history of the Awakening, but several histories intertwined. It is not a complete collection, but one that provides a broad spectrum of candid, unvarnished perspectives from some of the leading players.


Colonel Gary W. Montgomery, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve, deployed to Iraq once as a field historian for the U.S. Marine Corps History Division and twice as a civil affairs officer (invasion, 2003, and Fallujah, 2004-05). He also served as the civil affairs capabilities integration officer for the Marine Corps. In his civilian career, he worked as:  a DoD policy analyst, a maneuver analyst for the Marine Corps, an artillery trainer for the Bosnian Federation Army under the Military Stabilization Program, and as a border monitor in the rump state of Yugoslavia under the United Nations International Conference on the Former Yugoslavia. He holds a master's degree in International Relations and International Commerce from the Patterson School at the University of Kentucky.

Chief Warrant Officer-4 Timothy S. McWilliams, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve, served in Fallujah in 2004 as a logistics officer. He joined the U.S. Marine Corps History Division in 2007 and has deployed to both Iraq and Afghanistan as a field historian. McWilliams has worked in the marketing and communications field and recently earned a master’s degree in history from California State University, Chico.



Chapter 1: A View of Daily Life

Chapter 2: Religious Perspectives
Chapter 3: Tribal Perspectives
Chapter 4: Political Perspectives
Chapter 5: Perspectives of the New Security Forces
Chapter 6: Perspectives of Former Regime Elements

6 x 9
340 pages
PDF download

Marine Corps University