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Brandon Valeriano, Ph.D.
 

Brandon Valeriano (Ph.D. Vanderbilt University) is the Donald Bren Chair of Armed Politics at the Marine Corps University. He also serves as a Senior Fellow in cyber security for the Niskanen Center in Washington D.C. Dr. Valeriano has published 94 publications during the duration of his career, including four books with one more forthcoming, 21 peer reviewed articles, 27 other scholarly articles, and 41 public articles for such outlets as Washington Post, Slate, Lawfare, and Foreign Affairs. His two most recent coauthored books are Cyber War versus Cyber Reality at Oxford University Press (2015) and Russian Coercive Diplomacy at Palgrave (2015) with Cyber Coercion: The Evolving Character of Cyber Power and Strategy forthcoming from Oxford. Ongoing research explores creating comprehensive cyber conflict data, Russian foreign policy behavior, biological and psychological examinations of national security threats, and digital repression. Dr. Valeriano recently provided testimony in front of both the United States Senate and the Parliament of the United Kingdom on the dynamics of modern conflict. In his spare professional time, he focuses on engaging policy-makers and government officials on the changing character of war.
 

Recent Publications

Valeriano, Brandon, Benjamin Jensen, and Ryan C. Maness. 2018. Cyber Coercion: The Evolving Character of Cyber Power and Strategy (Oxford University Press, Under Contract)
Valeriano, Brandon and Ryan C. Maness. 2015. Cyber War versus Cyber Realities: Cyber Conflict in the International System (Oxford University Press, 978-0190204792), 280 Pages
Maness, Ryan C. and Brandon Valeriano. 2015. Russia’s Coercive Diplomacy – Energy, Cyber and Maritime Policy as New Sources of Power (Palgrave, 978-1137479433), 256 Pages
Valeriano, Brandon. 2013. Becoming Rivals: The Process of Interstate Rivalry Development (Routledge, ISBN 978-0415537537), 186 pgs. (Paperback, March 2015, ISBN 978-1138910621)

Daccache, Jenny and Brandon Valeriano. 2012. Hollywood’s Representations of the Sino-Tibetan Conflict: Politics, Culture, and Globalization (Palgrave, ISBN 978-1137290472), 252pgs
 

Peer Reviewed Journal Articles

Craig, Anthony and Brandon Valeriano. 2016 “Conceptualizing Cyber Arms Races.” IEEE Proceedings for CCDCOE CyberCon, 8th International Conference on Cyber Conflict: Cyber Power. Pgs. 141-158.
Craig Anthony and Brandon Valeriano. 2016 “Reacting to Cyber Threats: Protection and Security in the Digital Age” Global Security and Intelligence Studies 1:2 (Sping)
Valeriano, Brandon and Phillip Habel. 2016. “Who Are the Enemies?: The Visual Framing of Enemies in Digital Games” International Studies Review http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/isr/viv007 (IF 1.28 2015)
Ryan Maness and Brandon Valeriano. 2016 “The Impact of Cyber Conflict on International Interactions” Armed Forces & Society. 42: 2: 301-323 (IF 0.63 2015)
Okuku, Angela, Karen Renaud, and Brandon Valeriano. 2015. “Cybersecurity Strategy’s Role in Raising Kenyan Awareness of Mobile Internet Threats.” Information & Security: An International Journal. 32. DOI 10.11610/isij.3207
Valeriano, Brandon and Matt Powers. 2014 “Complex Rivalries in World Politics” Foreign Policy Analysis DOI: 10.1111/fpa.12057 (IF 0.978 2014)
Valeriano, Brandon and Ryan Maness. 2014. “The Dynamics of Cyber Conflict between Rival Antagonists, 2001-2011” Journal of Peace Research 51(3): 347-360. (IF 3.38 2014)
Valeriano, Brandon. 2014. “Latino Cultural Assimilation, Divided Loyalties, and the World Cup” Soccer and Society, 15(3): 291-313
Sample, Susan, Brandon Valeriano, and Choong-Nam Kang. 2013 “The Societal Determinants and Impact of Military Spending Patterns” Political and Military Sociology – Annual Review 41: 109-135.
Valeriano, Brandon. 2013. “Teaching International Politics with Film” Political Science Journal of Education. 9(1): 52-72

Valeriano, Brandon and John Van Benthuysen. 2012 “When States Die: Geographic and Territorial Pathways to State Death” Third World Quarterly, 33(7): 1165-1189 (IF 1.43 2015)
Maness, Ryan and Brandon Valeriano. 2012. “Russia and the Near Abroad: Applying a Risk Barometer for War” Journal of Slavic Military Studies, 25: 125-148.
 

 

Book Chapters (reviewed) and Non-Peer Reviewed Journal Articles

Tony JS Craig and Brandon Valeriano, 2017, “Empirical IR Theory and Technology.” Oxford Encyclopedia (forthcoming)
Valeriano, Brandon and Ryan C. Maness. 2017. “Doubling Down on Failure: Russia in Syria.” Middle East Insights at the Marine Corps. Vol 8, Issue ?
Tony JS Craig and Brandon Valeriano, 2017, “Political Realism and Cyber Security.” E-IR, Apprising Realism (forthcoming)
Valeriano, Brandon and Ryan Maness. 2017. “International Political Theory and Cyber Security.” In the Handbook of International Political Theory. Oxford University Press.
Early, Bryan R., Brandon Valeriano and Ryan C. Maness. 2016. “Countering Russian Aggression with Sanctions: Limited Options and Self-Defeating Strategies” ABC-CLIO: American Government Idea Exchange.
Maness, Ryan C. and Brandon Valeriano. 2016. “Cyber Spillover Conflicts: Transitions from Cyber Conflict to Conventional Military Disputes.” In Friis and Ringsmose Eds. Conflict in Cyber Space. New York, Routledge.
Valeriano, Brandon and Ryan C. Maness. 2015. “Coming Cyberpeace.” Foreign Affairs, Snapshot (5/15/2015). https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/2015-05-13/coming-cyberpeace
Valeriano, Brandon and Ryan C. Maness. 2015. “Paper Tiger Putin.” Foreign Affairs. Snapshot (4/31/2015). https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/russia-fsu/2015-04-30/paper-tige...
Lobasz, Jennifer and Brandon Valeriano. 2015. “Teaching (International) Politics with Science Fiction Literature and Films” in The Handbook of Teaching and Learning in Political Science and International Relations. Edited by John Ishiyama, Will Miller, and Eszter Simon. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing. Pgs 399-410.

Valeriano, Brandon and Ryan Maness. 2012. “The Fog of Cyberwar: Why the Threat Does not Live up to the Hype” Foreign Affairs. (11.21.2012) Snapspot http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/138443/brandon-valeriano-and-ryan... (Most viewed article for December)
Supplement Infographic (12/14/2012): http://www.foreignaffairs.com/cyberattacks-by-initiator-and-victim
Valeriano, Brandon and Ryan Maness. 2012. “Persistent Enemies and Cybersecurity: The Future of Rivalry in an Age of Information Warfare” in Cyber Challenges and National Security, edited by Derek Reveron, Georgetown University Press. Pgs. 139-158.
Valeriano, Brandon. 2012 “Becoming Rivals: The Process of Rivalry Development” in What Do We Know about War, 2nd Edition, edited by John Vasquez. London: Routledge Press. Pages 63-82.

Book and Article Reviews

Valeriano, Brandon. 2017. Review of Gartzke and Lindsay’s Deception in Cyberspace. H-Diplo-ISSF Review Series. https://issforum.org/articlereviews/75-cyberspace
Valeriano, Brandon and Ryan Maness. 2016. “Author’s Response: More on Cyber Security”, Roundtable on Cyber War versus Cyber Realities. H-Diplo-ISSR Review Series.
Valeriano, Brandon. 2014. Review of Douglas Gibler’s Territorial Peace. International Studies Review. 16(2): 336-337.
Valeriano, Brandon. 2013. Review Essay of Thomas Rid’s Cyber War Will Not Take Place. H-Diplo-ISSF Review Series. 10/10/2013 http://www.h-net.org/~diplo/ISSF/PDF/RE17.pdf
Valeriano, Brandon. 2013. Review of Krista Wiegand’s Enduring Territorial Disputes. Perspectives on Politics. 10(4): 1135-1136
 

Professional Research Engagement and Opinion Articles

Valeriano, Brandon, Benjamin Jensen and Ryan Maness. “Cyberwarfare has Taken a New Turn. Yes, It’s Time to Worry.” Washington Post/Monkey Cage. 7/13/2017.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/monkey-cage/wp/2017/07/13/cyber-warf...

Miguel Gomez and Brandon Valeriano. “Frustrated with Philippines, Vietnam Resorts to Cyber Espionage.” Council of Foreign Relations/Net Politics. 6/9/2017
https://www.cfr.org/article/frustrated-philippines-vietnam-resorts-cyber...
Brandon Valeriano. “Is Russia America’s Enemy?” Real Clear World (Politics), 3/28/2017
http://www.realclearworld.com/articles/2017/03/28/is_russia_americas_ene...
Brandon Valeriano and Benjamin Jensen. “From Arms and Influence to Data and Manipulation: What Thomas Schelling Can Tell us about Cyber Coercion.” Lawfare, 3/16/2017
https://lawfareblog.com/arms-and-influence-data-and-manipulation-what-ca...
Brandon Valeriano. “WikiLeaks Strikes Again. Here are Four Big Questions about Vault 7.” Monkey Cage/Washington Post, 3/8/2017
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/monkey-cage/wp/2017/03/08/wikileaks-...
Prompted a hit piece by Sputnik (Russian news service). “Washington Post’s response to Vault 7, The Russians are Behind It” 3/9/2017
https://sputniknews.com/us/201703091051390181-washington-post-wikileaks-...
Brandon Valeriano, Allison Pytlak, and Ryan Hagemann. “The Fall of Cyber Liberalism and the Promise of Cyber Activism.” Niskanen Center. 1/11/2016. https://medium.com/niskanen-center/the-fall-of-cyber-liberalism-and-the-...
Brandon Valeriano, Ryan Maness, and Benjamin Jensen. “Five Things We Can Learn from the Russian Hacking Scandal.” Monkey Cage/Washington Post, 1/9/2017
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/monkey-cage/wp/2017/01/09/5-things-w...

Tony JS Craig and Brandon Valeriano. “How to think about a state’s cyber capabilities.” Council of Foreign Relations – Net Politics, 12/19/2016
http://blogs.cfr.org/cyber/2016/12/19/how-to-think-about-a-states-cyber-...
Ryan Maness and Brandon Valeriano. “Did Russian Hackers Elect the US President? Don’t Believe the Hype.” Monkey Cage/Washington Post, 11/24/2016
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/monkey-cage/wp/2016/11/24/did-russia...
Valeriano, Brandon. “The DNC email hack didn’t tell us much. Here’s why cyber attacks have limited punch.” Monkey Cage/Washington Post, 7/27/2016
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/monkey-cage/wp/2016/07/27/the-dnc-em...
Valeriano, Brandon, Heather Roff, and Sean Lawson. “Dropping the Cyber Bomb? Spectacular Claims and Unremarkable Effects” Council of Foreign Relations – Net Politics, 5/24/2016
http://blogs.cfr.org/cyber/2016/05/24/dropping-the-cyber-bomb-spectacula...
Reprint in Defenseone, 5/25/2016
http://www.defenseone.com/ideas/2016/05/stop-saying-were-dropping-cyber-...
Valeriano, Brandon and Philip Habel. “Which Country is the Most Frequent Enemy in Video Games?” Monkey Cage/Washington Post, 4/21/2016
https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/monkey-cage/wp/2016/04/21/do-video-g...
Valeriano, Brandon and Allison Pytlak, “Closing up the Internet: The Rise of Cyber Repression?” Council of Foreign Relations - Net Politics, 1/13/2016, http://blogs.cfr.org/cyber/2016/01/13/closing-that-internet-up-the-rise-...
Reprint in Defenseone, 1/14/2016
http://www.defenseone.com/ideas/2016/01/rise-cyber-repression/125095/
Quartz, 1/14/2016
http://qz.com/593782/welcome-to-the-age-of-digital-repression/
Maness, Ryan and Brandon Valeriano “Diplomacy, not sanctions, are needed to tackle state espionage” The Conversation, 9/14/2015
http://theconversation.com/diplomacy-not-sanctions-are-needed-to-tackle-...
Valeriano, Brandon and Ryan Maness “The 10 Things You Need to Know About Cyber Conflict” Washington Post/Monkey Cage, 9/12/2015
http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/monkey-cage/wp/2015/09/11/the-10-thi...
Valeriano, Brandon and Ryan Maness. “Avoiding Escalation in Cyberspace” Council of Foreign Relations – Net Politics, 8/4/2015
http://blogs.cfr.org/cyber/2015/08/04/avoiding-escalation-in-cyberspace/
Reprinted in Defense One, 8/4/2015
http://www.defenseone.com/ideas/2015/08/how-avoid-all-out-war-cyberspace...
Reprinted in “The Paper”, China, 8/6/2015
http://m.thepaper.cn/newsDetail_forward_1361023
Valeriano, Brandon and Ryan Maness. “Strong Medicine or Weak Placebo: The Debate Over Putin’s Foreign Policies.” Political Violence @ Glance. 7/23/2015. http://politicalviolenceataglance.org/2015/07/23/strong-medicine-or-weak...
Valeriano, Brandon. “Yes, Ukraine is still in crisis, would becoming a buffer help?” Monkey Cage/Washington Post. 7/13/2015. http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/monkey-cage/wp/2015/07/13/yes-ukrain...
Valeriano, Brandon. “Stop Worrying About Cyber Pearl Harbor and Start Collecting Data.” OUP Blog. 7/8/2015 http://blog.oup.com/2015/07/cyber-pearl-harbor/
Valeriano, Brandon and Stephan Coulthart. “Espionage in the Digital Era: Lessons from the OPM Hack.” Council of Foreign Relations – Net Politics, 7/7/2015
http://blogs.cfr.org/cyber/2015/07/07/espionage-in-the-digital-era-lesso...
Reprinted in Defense One, 7/7/2015
http://www.defenseone.com/ideas/2015/07/espionage-lessons-opm-hack/11717...
Early, Bryan, Brandon Valeriano, and Ryan C. Maness. “Sticking with Sanctions Means We are Stuck with the Status Quo in Ukraine.” Political Violence @ Glance, 6/29/2015
http://politicalviolenceataglance.org/2015/06/29/sticking-with-sanctions...
Valeriano, Brandon. “The Real Fog of Cyberwar: Operational Cyber Planning.” War on the Rocks, 6/17/2015
http://warontherocks.com/2015/06/the-real-fog-of-cyberwar-operational-cy...
Valeriano, Brandon and Ryan Maness. “Russia’s Strategy Has Weakened Russia” Brookings Institute, 6/11/2015
http://www.brookings.edu/blogs/order-from-chaos/posts/2015/06/11-putins-...
Reprinted in Business Insider, 6/11/2015
http://www.businessinsider.com/dont-be-fooled-putins-strategy-has-weaken...
Valeriano, Brandon. “To avoid militarizing the internet, cyberspace needs written rules agreed by all.” The Conversation, 6/3/2015
https://theconversation.com/to-avoid-militarising-the-internet-cyberspac...
Reprinted in Business Insider, 6/4/2015
http://www.businessinsider.com/we-need-written-rules-for-cyberspace-to-a...
Valeriano, Brandon. “Cyber Won’t Protect Us: The Need to Stand Behind the Iranian Nuclear Framework Agreement.” OUPblog (Oxford University Press), 5/5/2015. http://blog.oup.com/2015/05/iranian-nuclear-framework-agreement-cyber-re...
Valeriano, Brandon and Ryan Maness. “Russia – perhaps more restrained and less powerful than you think.” Washington Post/Monkey Cage. 3/31/2015. http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/monkey-cage/wp/2015/03/31/russia-per...

Valeriano, Brandon. “Despite What the Cyber Skeptics Say, North Korea is Behind is Behind the Sony Hack” 12/23/2014. Slate. http://www.slate.com/blogs/future_tense/2014/12/23/north_korea_is_behind...
Valeriano, Brandon. “Obama: Sony Made a Mistake.” 12/21/2014. Herald Scotland. (Opinion Editorial on Sony Hack)
Valeriano, Brandon. “Five Questions (and Answers) About North Korea and the Sony Hack” Washington Post/Monkey Cage. 12/14/2014. http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/monkey-cage/wp/2014/12/14/five-quest...
Habel, Phillip and Brandon Valeriano, “Who are our Virtual Enemies in the World of Gaming” The Scotsman 6.11.2014
Valeriano, Brandon and Antony Craig, “The Scottish Foreign Policy Context: Investigating Possible Divergent Preferences” Scottish Global Forum. 6/24/2014
Valeriano, Brandon. “Why are there so few Latinos on the U.S. National Team?” Washington Post/Monkey Cage. 6/14/2014. http://m.washingtonpost.com/blogs/monkey-cage/wp/2014/06/14/why-are-ther...
Valeriano, Brandon and Ryan Maness. “The Scottish Threat Environment: Insecurity, Fears, and Independence” Scotland Global Forum, Independent Think Tank Report.
Valeriano, Brandon and Ryan Maness “What Should You Read on Cyber Security.” 8.1.2013. http://www.whiteoliphaunt.com/duckofminerva/2013/08/what-should-you-read...
Valeriano, Brandon. “Agenda: Dangers in Cyberspace” Scottish Heard, 7.27.2013, http://www.heraldscotland.com/comment/columnists/agenda-dangers-in-cyber...
Valeriano, Brandon. “The Cyber House Rules: Justice and Ethics in the Fifth Domain” The Conversation, 7/26/2013 https://theconversation.com/the-cyber-house-rules-justice-and-ethics-in-...

Maness, Ryan and Brandon Valeriano. “Cyber Events Data and Foreign Policy Reactions.” Duck of Minerva, 7/24/2013. http://www.whiteoliphaunt.com/duckofminerva/2013/07/cyber-events-data-an...
Travlos, Konstantinos and Brandon Valeriano. “The US-Iraq Conflict: A War of Rivalry” Duck of Minerva, 3/26/2013, http://www.whiteoliphaunt.com/duckofminerva/2013/03/the-us-iraq-conflict...
Valeriano, Brandon and Ryan Maness. “Perceptions of the Cyber Threat” Duck of Minerva, 1/30/2013, http://www.whiteoliphaunt.com/duckofminerva/2013/01/perceptions-and-opin...
Valeriano, Brandon. “Cyberwar and Skyfall: Bond Enters the Digital Age” Duck of Minerva, 11.10.2012, http://www.whiteoliphaunt.com/duckofminerva/2012/11/skyfall-and-cyberwar...
Valeriano, Brandon. “Swings and Roundabouts: How a Divided Nation Voted” Independent, 11.8.2012, http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/us-elections/swings-and...
Valeriano, Brandon. “Foreign Policy Views and the Latino Public during the 2012 Election” Latino Decisions, 10.2.2012,
http://www.latinodecisions.com/blog/2012/10/02/foreign-policy-and-the-20...
Valeriano, Brandon. “Cyber Hype: Flame, Stuxnet, and Boeing 787’s Falling from the Sky.” Atlantic Council: New Atlanticist, Policy and Analysis Blog, 8.7.2012, http://www.acus.org/new_atlanticist/cyber-hype-flame-stuxnet-and-boeing-...
Valeriano, Brandon. “Mind the Cyber Gap.” Atlantic Council: New Atlanticist, Policy and Analysis Blog, 7.11.2012, http://www.acus.org/new_atlanticist/mind-cyber-gap-deterrence-cyberspace